All caravans must fitted with two rear lights
of the size and bearing the relevant CE mark. If the caravan extends for
more than 40cm beyond the outer edge of the of the towing vehicles sidelights,
or was built after 1985 and is more than 1.6m wide, side lights are also
required. Any caravans that are more than 2.1m wide must be fitted with
marker lights, fitted as high as is practicable on the side or at the
front and rear.
All caravans must be fitted with flashing direction indicators that operate
in unison with those of the towing vehicle. There must also be a means
by which the driver is alerted if the indicators on the caravan fail.
Acceptable means are buzzers or repeater lights that operate whilst the
indicator is activated when the caravan is coupled to the towing vehicle,
hence alerting the driver of failure should the repeater lights or buzzer
not operate when indicating.
If the caravan you are towing was manufactured
before January 1971 it is required to have a minimum of one stoplight
fitted to the rear of the caravan. If the caravan was produced after January
1971 (the vast majority of those now in use) there must be two stoplights
fitted to the rear of the caravan symmetrically at the same height from
If the caravan was produced on or after 1
October 1979, it must be fitted with either one on the offside or a matched
set of rear foglights. The bulbs fitted must not exceed 25W, and must
be wired so that they can only be used when the headlight or foglights
of the towing vehicle are in operation. There should also be a driver
warning light fitted in the towing vehicle. You are permitted to disconnect
the towing vehicles rear foglights whilst towing, but you must remember
nnect them after you uncouple the caravan.
All caravans must be fitted with two triangular
reflectors, usually solid red or red with a white center, however there
are four types permitted by law. If the caravan is over 5m in length,
excluding the drawbar, it must be fitted with two amber reflectors on
each side of the caravan.
The caravan must be fitted with a registration
plate matching that of the vehicle to which it is coupled. The registration
plate must be fitted with an illumination device and may be either reflective
or non-reflective so long as conforms to the same size and colour restrictions
as those applied by law on cars. You must also ensure that the tow ball
does not obscure the registration plate on the towing vehicle.
All of the laws that apply to car tyres also
apply those on caravans. Re-cut or remoulds must not be used on caravan
wheels. You must not mix radials and cross-ply tyres on the same axle.
It is an offence if the actual laden weight of your caravan exceeds the
maximum load weight of the tyres fitted.